7 Things You Need to Know Before You Start Investing


1. Know your current financial situation. Know your debt level. 

Calculate your income and expenses by taking into account the following:

Mortgage repayments

Personal tax 

Loans and overdrafts 

Living expenses 

Emergency funds 

Car expenses 



School fees 

Credit card debts 

Family commitments 

Before you start investing your money on any investment products, you should know how much you could spare each month for investment. General rule is that you should clear your debts first, then save and invest later. 

That is to say, the more money you put aside now, the better it will be for your future. I would say put aside 10% of your income for rainy days. 10% is a small amount that you won’t feel a pinch of. Save it until you have managed to build a “dam management funds”.

2. Prepare funds for dam management. This goes in line with point 1. You need to keep at least 3 to 6 months of your income as dam management. After you have managed to do that then additional money that you saved can be used to invest.

3. Protect yourself and your family first. By this point, I mean you should have the basic life insurance that will insure you and your family against terminal diseases and accidents. This is very important as even though you might lose all your money through investment and if you or your family members need medical attention, it will be well taken care of.

4. Know your risk level. If you are not able to take big risks, short term investment and swing trading is not for you. It’s better to invest in mutual or trusts funds which will give a steady payout and have lower risk.If you are a high risk or medium risk taker, you can try to invest in stocks, growth and hedge funds.

5. Diversify your investment. Experts would tell you it is a must to diversify your investment. Your investments need to have a steady mix of stocks, mutual funds and/or bonds. Beside that, your should invest in different industries and/or different regions. This will help you minimize your risk as fluctuations in the markets will not have a big impact on your investments. Your ideal mix will be 20-40% stock and the rest mutual funds and bonds.

6. Do your homework before you invest. It is good to seek expert advice. But, the money is ultimately yours. So you need to do some research and make a sound decision on what to invest even though your financial advisors might have already worked it all out for you. This is to make sure you know what you are investing and be able to keep track of them. If your investments suffer losses you will be able to make a right decision whether to sell or hold if you know your stuff well.

  1. Do stock take yearly if not frequently. Your investment might already be reaping in profits. But, it is good to know how well you fare at the end of the day. Reinvest the profits and celebrate if you have success. This will serve as motivation for you and will make you more determined to achieve your financial goals.

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